[MUNUC 36] Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC

GROUP: Regional Bodies

  • Topic A: Impacts of Energy Transitions on OPEC
  • Topic B: Response to Global Supply Chain Disruptions

TOPIC A Impacts of Energy Transitions on OPEC

TOPIC B Response to Global Supply Chain Disruptions



  • Nolan Shaffer (he/him)
  • Kevin Gu (he/him)
  • Emma Tung (she/her)
Email Committee Chair

Why do oil companies make so much money? They know how to pump up their profits! The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC) controls approximately four-fifths of the world’s entire crude oil reserves and two-fifths of its production. As such, they possess an enormous influence over the global oil market, the broader global economy, and international relations. If you think handling all this power is a slick operation, you’re in for a crude awakening. The global push towards greener energy represents a major threat to OPEC and the economies of OPEC’s member states. Additionally, recent years have demonstrated the major challenges that come with global supply chain disruptions. Moving forward, OPEC must manage these difficult and contentious topics while simultaneously ensuring the future of OPEC and maintaining economic stability. 

Topic A: Impacts of Energy Transitions on OPEC

As the world moves towards a more sustainable future, reducing carbon emissions and addressing climate change, OPEC is faced with the challenge of balancing the comings of this new energy landscape and maintaining the member states’ economies. With external countries seeking alternative energy sources, the diversification of OPEC’s energy portfolios is becoming increasingly necessary. As many of the representative bodies within OPEC rely on  oil exports to maintain their economy, adapting to meet the challenges requires OPEC to transform its business model to embrace renewable energy sources.This transition presents an opportunity for OPEC member states to diversify their economies and become leaders in the growing renewable energy industry. However, it will also require significant investments and policy changes that OPEC must satisfy. As delegates of this Model UN committee, you are tasked with exploring the impact of the energy transition on OPEC and developing innovative solutions to address this critical challenge. 

Topic B: Response to Global Supply Chain Disruptions

As society transitions into a more sustainable future, OPEC’s economic future faces major challenges which include the volatility of oil prices as well as competition from other companies aiming to reduce their carbon footprint, shifting towards renewable energy sources. This becomes a challenge for OPEC’s supply chain as the demand for its production diminishes. The shift in the supply chains forces OPEC to begin navigating the increasing prices of oil, creating conflicts between other oil-producing countries such as Russia and China. To ensure the stable production and distribution of crude oil, OPEC must navigate through the complex and ever-changing global energy market while balancing economic, environmental, and geopolitical concerns.