North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO
GROUP: Regional Bodies
- Topic A: Intelligence Sharing Among Member States
- Topic B: Addressing The Migrant Crisis in the Aegean Sea
TOPIC A Intelligence Sharing Among Member States
TOPIC B Addressing The Migrant Crisis in the Aegean Sea
DELEGATION SIZE Double
- Irene Qi (she/her)
- Katie Fraser (she/her)
- Zoe Zhu (she/her)
The North American Treaty Organization (NATO) is a strategic security alliance of 30 nations from North America and Europe. NATO’s primary mandates are to protect the security and freedom of Allied states through political and military means, maintaining the community’s shared democratic values. Notably, an attack against one member state is perceived as an attack against all members, positioning NATO as a defensive security force. In recent years, NATO has seen its responsibility to protect extend beyond its own members, with the Alliance having developed relationships with other partners all across the globe. To these partners, NATO provides security support, coordination of global security efforts, and facilitation of dialogue for the promotion of peace on an international scale. In this committee, delegates will have the opportunity to engage in this discourse, tackling a plethora of the world’s most pressing political issues to embody the motto: in discussion, a free mind.
Topic A: Intelligence Sharing Among Member States
Intelligence sharing throughout NATO’s history has been characterized by periods of tension alongside cooperation. Since the Cold War, the domain of intelligence has expanded from a primary focus on political and military affairs, to themes such as technology, economy, culture, and the environment. As information and analyses are shared between different intelligence agencies, both within and between countries, intelligence sharing improves situational awareness and facilitates effective decision-making. The flow of intelligence among NATO’s member states has become increasingly important due to the rise of complex security threats such as terrorism, cyber attacks, and disinformation campaigns. Intelligence sharing has become an indication of allyship and cooperation in combating shared threats, while also serving as a key element of competition.
Nevertheless, obstacles hinder the process of information sharing, including legal and bureaucratic barriers, technological disparities, cultural and linguistic differences, and differences in intelligence priorities and capabilities. Furthermore, politicized relationships among member states, combined with varying levels of mutual trust, lead to keeping intelligence within borders. In this committee, delegates must balance domestic intelligence priorities with the common goal of improving intelligence sharing among NATO member states. Building trust and cooperation among intelligence agencies and national governments to strengthen NATO’s collective defense capabilities will be paramount.
Topic B: Addressing The Migrant Crisis in the Aegean Sea
The Aegean Sea acts as a major transit route for migrants and refugees fleeing conflict, persecution, and poverty in NATO’s southern borders in the Middle East and North Africa. The migrant crisis, fueled by illegal trafficking and criminal networks, is one of the greatest humanitarian crises in Europe in recent decades. Forced displacement and human rights violations cause tens of thousands to risk the journey across the sea, but with the Mediterranean as the world’s deadliest migration route, thousands of migrants and asylum seekers have died attempting to reach the European Union.
Since 2016, NATO has dedicated itself to international efforts combating this humanitarian crisis. While NATO has been involved in conducting patrols and surveillance operations to monitor and deter illegal migration and human trafficking, addressing the central causes of the crisis proves more difficult. Delegates will debate various approaches to strengthening border security and surveillance, providing support for countries hosting large numbers of migrants, and addressing the root conflicts inciting migration through diplomatic and developmental initiatives. NATO member states must work together to develop a comprehensive and coordinated approach that addresses both the immediate humanitarian needs of migrants and refugees as well as the underlying causes of the crisis.