[MUNUC 36] Community of Latin American and Caribbean States CELAC

GROUP: Regional Bodies

  • Topic A: Environmental Diversity and Conservation
  • Topic B: Closing the Income Distribution Gap

TOPIC A Environmental Diversity and Conservation

TOPIC B Closing the Income Distribution Gap



  • Fawwaz Hafizh (he/him)
  • Daniela Rivera Solano (she/her)
Email Committee Chair

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela. As an intergovernmental organization, CELAC brings together 33 regional countries to advance regional unity and integration; balance political, economic, social, and cultural diversity; and promote regional growth and development, among other issues. The cooperation strives to be a unique, uniting voice between the region and other international organizations as a structured decision-making body for regional programs through the consensus of its member states. As a regional body, the committee will explore the relations between member states to address the region’s pressing issues through traditional MUN elements and a time-sensitive crisis-style update that will require draft resolutions and directives.

Topic A: Environmental Diversity and Conservation

Climate change is a threat to the world, and growing concerns regarding its impact have overwhelmed the Latin American and Caribbean region. In the past few decades, the region has been plagued by extreme weather, loss of biodiversity, deforestation, rising sea levels, pollution, and scarcity of both food and water. Home to a fourth of the world’s forests, the Latin American and Caribbean regions are known for their rich ecosystems and unique, endangered, species. As a hotspot of nature’s activities,the local regions have been trying to address issues at the national level through joint initiatives facilitated by organizations such as CELAC. Collectively, the member states have called for international environmental conventions, the reduction of greenhouse emissions, sustainable developments, and general ecological conservation, all of which have received international recognition reflective of the region’s progress. Based on the impacts of climate change and the region’s noticeable efforts to tackle its subsequent effects, the committee will focus on the growing cooperation between member states. Delegates will focus on issues regarding extreme weather, sustainable economic developments, industries, deforestation, and pollution. The goal is to maximize cooperation within Latin America, address foreign influences, and create a standard for addressing the issue.

Topic B: Closing the Income Distribution Gap

Latin America and the Caribbean have long struggled with income inequality, despite having abundant natural resources and a diverse economic base. As one of the most unequal regions globally, the disparity between the rich and the poor has resulted in numerous negative socio-economic consequences, such as hindering economic growth, exacerbating poverty, and reducing access to education and healthcare. Having recognized the urgency to address this challenge, CELAC has made closing the income distribution gap a top priority for its member states. In response, the member states have been working on a variety of initiatives to tackle the issue, including implementing progressive tax systems, promoting inclusive growth, investing in education and vocational training, and fostering social protection programs. These efforts aim to provide equal opportunities, reduce poverty, and enable social mobility for all citizens in the region. In this topic, the committee will explore the diverse approach member states take, evaluate their effectiveness, and identify best practices and innovative solutions to reduce income inequality. Furthermore, the committee will discuss regional collaboration, sharing of knowledge and resources, and the role of international organizations in supporting these efforts. By addressing the income distribution gap, CELAC hopes to contribute to a more inclusive, equitable, and prosperous future for the Latin American and Caribbean region.