Arab League ARAB
GROUP: Regional Bodies
- Topic A: Yemeni Civil War (2014–present)
TOPIC A Yemeni Civil War (2014–present)
- Zane Khader
- JJ Abu-Halimah
The Arab League (ARAB) is an intergovernmental regional body of 22 Arab countries formed on March 22nd, 1945 (Syria’s membership has been suspended since 2011, but, for this committee, Syria’s delegation will be reinstated). The purpose of the body is to “draw closer the relations between member states and coordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.” Since its inception, the Arab League has served as a medium for geopolitical, social, and economic cooperation with the task of facilitating broader regional development and conflict resolution.
This committee is a regional body that mainly contains traditional Model UN elements. However, on occasion, the committee will be presented with time-sensitive crisis-style updates that will require deft resolution. Crisis experience is not required nor will it incur any special advantage.
Topic: Yemeni Civil War (2014–present)
The Yemeni Civil War is a multi-sided civil war that, in the first several years of the conflict prior to 2017, was primarily fought between the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi-led Yemeni government and the Houthi armed movement. After the declaration of the Southern Transitional Council (a secessionist organization in the country’s southern regions), by former Governor of Aden Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, the conflict fragmented into many more spillover conflicts with Arab League nations backing different sides.
The roots of this civil war lie in Hadi himself; he is a generally weak and inept leader. Under his leadership, corruption, famine, separtist movements, and attacks were allowed to flourish. Among this chaos and weak leadership, the Houthi movement rose to power, taking over the Saada province, the capital Sanaa, and many other surrounding areas. To combat this and uphold the Yemeni government, many member states in this regional body engaged in air raids to suppress the Houthi movement.
However, these efforts were futile. Yemen is now experiencing a humanitarian crisis full of famine and death. Moreover, the instability in Yemen has led to other militant organizations seeking to broaden their influence by also trying to take over Yemeni land. Approximately 100,000 people have died in battle, and many more have died to famine and illness. People are homeless, hungry, at bodily risk, and trapped. It is the aim of this committee to cease this suffering.