World Trade Organization WTO
GROUP: SPECIALIZED AGENCIES
- Topic A: International Security and Trade in the Age of 5G
- Topic B: Revisiting the Doha Development Agenda
TOPIC A International Security and Trade in the Age of 5G
TOPIC B Revisiting the Doha Development Agenda
DELEGATION SIZE Double
- Ashley Wu
Free and predictable trade plays an essential role in promoting global economic development and peaceful international relations. The World Trade Organization aims to safeguard this notion by negotiating and renewing a set of rules that govern international trade, settling disputes between member nations, and monitoring their adherence to trade agreements.
Topic A: International Security and Trade in the Age of 5G
Topic A, International Security and Trade in the Age of 5G, addresses the emerging fifth-generation (5G) wireless network technology and its implications for the WTO’s existing trade regulations and the debates surrounding them. One of the WTO’s trade principles is that of “non-discrimination” – governments should not levy tariffs against imported products. However, there exists an exemption that allows countries to discriminate against imported products on the basis of national security, which has caused trade disputes in the past. With concerns regarding cybersecurity and national sovereignty surrounding the trade and installation of 5G technology, this issue offers a pressing and specific example through which countries can address this wider debate. Delegates will re-examine existing regulations, considering the balance between free trade and national security, data monopolies and the enforceability of the policies they end up proposing.
Topic B: Revisiting the Doha Development Agenda
At its 2001 ministerial-level meeting in Doha, Qatar, the WTO launched its most recent trade-negotiation round, known as the Doha Development Agenda, which aims to improve developing countries’ equal access to the international marketplace. It sets out to tackle contentious points of disagreement such as governmental subsidies that give developed countries a significant edge in agricultural trade and the unaffordability of patented pharmaceuticals in developing countries. With only narrow slices of the agenda addressed, negotiations have stalled in recent years, leaving many loopholes in WTO regulations. In order end the DDA’s irresolution of almost 20 years, delegates must locate the heart of today’s deadlock and at last paint a concrete plan for a fairer future for trade. Understanding the difficulty of negotiation, the committee must not only consider the pragmatics of implementing agreements already reached, but also innovate new policy proposals that can align the interests of divided blocs.
Background guide last updated 12/27/2019
- United States
- Korea, Republic of
- New Zealand
- Papua New Guinea
- Russian Federation
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- United Kingdom