TOPIC A The Syrian Refugee Crisis
TOPIC B Developing a Global Burden-Sharing Framework for Displaced Peoples
DELEGATION SIZE Single
- Zunaira Sardar
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is concerned primarily with the protection of refugees and forcibly displaced or stateless peoples. Founded in 1950 due to the aftermath of the Second World War, this programme focuses on the voluntary repatriation, local integration, and resettlement of the above stated people. The UNHCR is mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Keeping in mind its mission to safeguard the rights and well being of refugees, the UNHCR at MUNUC 31 will be tasked with addressing important issues that we are faced with today.
Topic A addresses the Syrian Refugee Crisis, the largest refugee and displacement crisis of our time. Approximately 5.6 million people have fled Syria as refugees, an additional 6.6 million people are displaced within Syria, and 2.98 million people are in hard-to-reach, besieged areas. The region has met with a strain on resources in attempts to relocate and integrate these displaced peoples, and there has been a rise in domestic tensions due to the growing financial and demographic pressures felt by the hosting communities. In addressing this topic, delegates will tackle issues regarding resettlement and integration in different regions, humanitarian aid, accomodation in refugee camps, and the protection of dislocated peoples, amongst other things.
Topic B discusses the increasing need to develop a Global Burden-Sharing Framework for displaced peoples. With emergency situations in Iraq, Burundi, DR Congo, Syria, South Sudan, Nigeria, Yemen, the Central African Republic, and several other dislocated people elsewhere, there is a need for international cooperation. While there exists a legal foundation for international cooperation, solidarity, and burden-sharing, limited resources and political tensions result in difficulties in achieving this framework. Delegates will address the complexity, scale, and global scope of movements by asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants today, and thus aim to develop comprehensive responses to their needs, with respect to their protection and resettlement. These responses will include, but are not limited to: resettlement plans, integration in countries of asylum, access to assistance, and provision of healthcare and education.
- United States
- Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
- Costa Rica
- Czech Republic
- Iran, Islamic Republic of
- Korea, Republic of
- New Zealand
- Russian Federation
- South Africa
- Tanzania, United Republic of
- United Kingdom
- Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of