United Nations World Tourism Organization UNWTO


  • Topic A: Child Exploitation
  • Topic B: Climate Change and Tourism

TOPIC A Child Exploitation

TOPIC B Climate Change and Tourism



  • Aparna Jayashakar
Email Committee Chair

The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. As the leading international organization in the field of tourism, UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development, and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide. UNWTO works to maximize tourism’s socio-economic contribution while minimizing its potential negative impacts, and is committed to promoting tourism as an instrument in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), geared towards reducing poverty and fostering sustainable development worldwide. With these missions in mind, the UNWTO in MUNUC 32 will be dealing with two modern issues in relation to tourism.

Topic A addresses child exploitation in the tourism sector. As our world grows to become more interconnected and people are able to travel internationally with more ease, local youths are at greater risk of sexual exploitation. Indigenous, impoverished, or displaced children are especially vulnerable to being exploited by domestic and international travelers. This issue has expanded to the point where it affects every nation in the world, making it topical and ushering conversations about it with greater urgency. When dealing with this topic, delegates will consider the problems in existing safety policies and procedures regarding child safety, the functions of various actors – hotels, tourists, airlines, travel agencies, global corporations – and the long-term implications for the lives of victimized children.

Topic B explores the dynamic and intricate relationship between climate change and tourism. The carbon footprint of tourism significantly exacerbates climate change, reportedly accounting for 5-8% of greenhouse gases released by humans. In reverse, climate change also bears extensive consequences for tourists, causing damage to important destinations and reducing rich biodiversity, which leads to economic losses in major tourist destinations. In dealing with this issue, delegates will address both ways to make tourism more eco-friendly while proposing solutions to prevent climate change from harming the tourism industry. Important subjects to discuss include methods to reduce carbon emissions in the tourism industry, to develop safeguards against extreme weather events, and to prevent environmentally destructive tourist activities without causing economic losses to local communities.

Background guide last updated 12/22/2019


Committee Members

  •  United States
  •  Afghanistan
  •  Algeria
  •  Argentina
  •  Armenia
  •  Australia
  •  Austria
  •  Azerbaijan
  •  Bangladesh
  •  Belgium
  •  Brazil
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Cameroon
  •  Canada
  •  Chile
  •  China
  •  Colombia
  •  Congo
  •  Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
  •  Costa Rica
  •  Croatia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Denmark
  •  Egypt
  •  Estonia
  •  Ethiopia
  •  France
  •  Georgia
  •  Germany
  •  Ghana
  •  Greece
  •  Hungary
  •  India
  •  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  •  Ireland
  •  Israel
  •  Italy
  •  Japan
  •  Jordan
  •  Kenya
  •  Korea, Republic of
  •  Lebanon
  •  Madagascar
  •  Mexico
  •  Morocco
  •  Mozambique
  •  Namibia
  •  Nepal
  •  Netherlands
  •  New Zealand
  •  Nigeria
  •  Norway
  •  Pakistan
  •  Peru
  •  Paraguay
  •  Philippines
  •  Poland
  •  Portugal
  •  Romania
  •  Russian Federation
  •  Rwanda
  •  Senegal
  •  Serbia
  •  Somalia
  •  South Africa
  •  Spain
  •  Sudan
  •  Sweden
  •  Switzerland
  •  Tanzania, United Republic of
  •  Thailand
  •  Tunisia
  •  Turkey
  •  Uganda
  •  United Kingdom
  •  Uruguay
  •  Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
  •  Vietnam
  •  Yemen
  •  Zimbabwe