TOPIC A Armed Conflict and the Human Rights of Refugees
TOPIC B Drug Trafficking and Civilians
- Aidan Cloonan
The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose objective is to promote and defend human rights around the world. In the international community, its role is to examine human rights violations and recommend how they should be addressed. Furthermore, the council looks to promote fundamental human rights and freedoms in a universal manner—at the international legal level. With these responsibilities in mind, the UNHRC looks to discuss topics of global concern, while considering universally applied standards of humane treatment.
Topic A: Armed Conflict and the Human Rights of Refugees
War and unrest continue to engulf many regions of the world. These conflicts are a major source of violations of human rights and international law, and together, they have helped produce a refugee crisis of an unprecedented magnitude. As long as conflict continues, this crisis will only worsen. Moreover, not only do human rights violations fuel the crisis, but refugees face further human rights violations and other challenges after fleeing. Human rights during armed conflict, what causes refugees to flee, and what challenges they face after fleeing are all crucial. Delegates will have to address both the insecurities faced by existing refugees and the conflicts that continue to fuel the crisis. This topic will require close work with international law, asylum and refugee law, and the nature and scope of war crimes.
Topic B: Drug Trafficking and Civilians
The organized drug trade has been heavily associated with systematic militancy and human rights violations. Not only has drug trafficking brought about ethnic and gender-based violence, but it has further wrapped up civilians into its operations. They are not only dragged into consumption, but into production, such as being forced into cultivation or forced into fighting for militias. At the heart of this issue are underlying economic factors, such as poverty or unemployment, which increase a civilian’s likelihood to find themselves caught up in drug trafficking. For this topic, the delegates will have to address the current human rights situations around drug trafficking and create a diverse set of solutions to mitigate the problem in the future.