TOPIC A Extractives
TOPIC B Deforestation
DELEGATION SIZE Single
- Gabe Rodriguez
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the United Nations agency focused on the improvement of the global environment. Environmental safety and protection is crucial to the safety and protection of this world. The UNEP is the leading global environment authority that works towards inspiring and enabling nations to care for the environmental state of the world without compromising the lives of generations to come. The UNEP works on a local and global scale to better each environment in danger. Two major issues have been chosen for MUNUC 33 that are modern problems facing our planet’s environment today.
Topic A is extractives. The extractive industry is a huge industry within the world today and has become a vital part of the global economy. Gas, oil, and minerals are crucial components of the lives we live today, but with their benefits comes their costs as well. While severe, the extraction of these materials has not only had harmful effects on the environmental regions in which they are extracted. Human rights and health have been heavily affected in certain situations with a direct correlation to extractives. Pollution, child labor, destruction of biodiversity, social conflict, and resource consumption are all problems that arise from the extractive industry that must be addressed. When dealing with this topic, delegates will work to create policies that try and keep as many benefits that come with the extractives while eliminating the negative effects that come from these current methods.
Topic B is deforestation. Forests make up around 30% of the world’s land surface and are home to an abundance of different wildlife. While certain resources within these areas may be useful to the human population, the mistreatment and destruction of forests have now caused multiple harmful effects that could lead to a dangerous future. The continuation of deforestation will allow the average global temperature to increase to temperatures that will be severely harmful to many different species including the human population. Forests also provide non-carbon services, regulate rainfall patterns, and ensure food and water security. Within this topic, delegates will focus on tackling the problem of deforestation by discussing ways to separate the production of commodities from the elimination of forests and creating plans for reforestation that will produce benefits for humans, climate change, and wildlife alike.