Food and Agriculture Organization FAO


  • Topic A: Climate Change and Agriculture
  • Topic B: Food Security in Political Conflicts

TOPIC A Climate Change and Agriculture

TOPIC B Food Security in Political Conflicts



  • Maggie Colton
Email Committee Chair

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads efforts to end hunger by improving agricultural, fishery, and forestry practices and ensuring proper nutrition. The FAO also seeks to eliminate rural poverty by building better food systems and improving access to resources for poor rural communities. Every year, the FAO publishes 10 “State of the World” reports that summarize the state of international food systems including commodity markets, aquaculture, and forests. During MUNUC 31, delegates in the FAO will be debating two topics that impact agriculture around the world and many people’s access to food.

Topic A deals with climate change and agriculture. Human actions have had a considerable impact on the environment, and these impacts have already begun to affect global food production. Climate change and agriculture are interrelated: the Earth’s changing climate threatens to decrease global food production as both crops and livestock are harmed by increased temperatures and decreased rainfall. Further, many agricultural practices currently contribute to climate change via greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation. In addressing this issue, delegates should think critically about how we can change our current agricultural practices to not only reduce our contribution to climate change, but also to make agriculture more resilient to the changing global climate.

Topic B addresses the effect of political instability on food security. Political conflict can cause a great deal of food security in affected areas by reducing access to food and food preparation facilities as well as by directly impacting agricultural output. Food insecurity can also exacerbate civil unrest by sparking protests and civil conflict. While political conflicts generally fall outside the jurisdiction of the FAO, the FAO has an important role to play when it comes to limiting the impact of these issues on the production of and access to food for people experiencing political instability. To address this issue, delegates will have to consider how current food systems are vulnerable to political conflict and how best to create resilient systems that will reduce food insecurity in fragile regions.


Committee Members

  •  United States
  •  Afghanistan
  •  Algeria
  •  Bangladesh
  •  Barbados
  •  Belize
  •  Bolivia, Plurinational State of
  •  Botswana
  •  Brazil
  •  Burundi
  •  Cameroon
  •  Canada
  •  Central African Republic
  •  Chile
  •  China
  •  Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
  •  Costa Rica
  •  Dominican Republic
  •  Ecuador
  •  Egypt
  •  France
  •  Germany
  •  Greece
  •  Guatemala
  •  Guinea
  •  Haiti
  •  Honduras
  •  Hungary
  •  India
  •  Indonesia
  •  Iraq
  •  Israel
  •  Italy
  •  Jamaica
  •  Japan
  •  Jordan
  •  Kazakhstan
  •  Kenya
  •  Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
  •  Korea, Republic of
  •  Kuwait
  •  Lebanon
  •  Libya
  •  Mali
  •  Mexico
  •  Mongolia
  •  Morocco
  •  New Zealand
  •  Nigeria
  •  Pakistan
  •  Panama
  •  Peru
  •  Philippines
  •  Romania
  •  Russian Federation
  •  Rwanda
  •  Samoa
  •  Saudi Arabia
  •  Senegal
  •  Sierra Leone
  •  South Africa
  •  Sri Lanka
  •  Sudan
  •  Swaziland
  •  Sweden
  •  Syrian Arab Republic
  •  Tanzania, United Republic of
  •  Thailand
  •  Turkey
  •  Turkmenistan
  •  Uganda
  •  United Kingdom
  •  Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
  •  Viet Nam
  •  Zimbabwe